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This is a large grouping of topical and ingested medicines used to prevent or reduce bacterial infections, in humans as well as other animals. They are not to be used for fungal or viral infections. Ingested agents can work on any system within the body or can be systematic to the entire body.  Topical agents are used to treat lacerations for the most part.  Antibiotics have many different side effects, depending on the specific drug, the animal, the age, dosage, the weight of the dog, and the current health of the animal.

A common fear of antibiotics is that they will weaken the immune system.  This is not true but it can make bacteria most resistant if they are not used properly and followed through with the full dosage.  Always use the full dosage prescribed, even when symptoms have abated.  Also, ingested antibiotics can destroy the good bacteria that is in the gastrointestinal system, leading to an upset stomach.  When improper dosages are used, they can cause mild to severe poisoning symptoms.  Symptoms may include:

  • Drooling
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Discolored Teeth
  • Skin Lesions
  • Liver Failure
  • Kidney Failure
  • Severe Tremors
  • Seizures