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This is a grouping of snakes that contain rattlesnakes, water moccasins, and copperheads.  The toxin for these reptiles is hemotoxic and will disrupt the integrity of red blood cells.  The bite has two areas of risk.  The first is that massive swelling can obstruct normal bodily functions, especially around the neck.  After that point, the circulatory system is inhibited and clotting is restricted.  Vet care must be sought immediately if your dog has been bitten.  Do not apply a tourniquet, attempt to suck out the venom, or apply ice to the wound.  Symptoms can include:

  • Swelling
  • Bleeding
  • Bruising
  • Obstruction of Airways
  • Abnormal Breathing
  • Increased Respiratory Rate
  • Low Blood Pressure
  • Organ Failure
  • Death