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This is the active agent in Antifreeze, as well as some other fluids used in automobiles, such as windshield wiper fluids, oils, and brake fluids.  This is severely toxic to animals.  As little as a tablespoon with dogs and a teaspoon with cats can be fatal.  Symptoms will occur in three stages.  The first stage which can happen within the first half hour and last up to 12 hours will show definitive signs of the neurological and renal systems being affected.  The second stage, which lasts for approximately the next 12 hours, has the outward symptoms seem to abate, but there are severe internal damage occurring.  Finally, in the third stage, which occurs between days 2-3 after exposure, the renal and neurological systems will shut down.  A vet should be consulted immediately on suspicion that your animal has been exposed.  Symptoms may include:

  • Excess Water Intake
  • Excess Urination
  • Drooling
  • Lack of Appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Depression
  • Lack of Coordination
  • Vomiting
  • Halitosis
  • Seizure
  • Kidney Failure
  • Coma