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These are petroleum distillates, used to make various types of fuel, as well as lubricants, solvents, stains, strippers, and tar.  Since there are so many hydrocarbons, an easy way of knowing how dangerous each is would be to know their boiling points.  The lower the boiling point equates to the more dangerous that item is.  While multiple systems can be affected, the respiratory, neurological, and gastrointestinal are at severe risk.  Exposure can be either through ingestion or inhalation.  Ingestion usually occurs if they get some on their coat and then clean it off.  Additional risk happen if, after ingestion, vomiting occurs, which can allow for a second exposure to the lungs.  Symptoms can include:

  • Drooling
  • Shaking of the Head
  • Pawing at the Mouth
  • Coughing
  • Gagging
  • Panting
  • Skin Irritation
  • Eye Irritation
  • Blisters
  • Oral Chemical Burns
  • Chomping of the Jaws
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Lack of Coordination
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Blue or Purple Gums or Skin
  • Tremors
  • Irregular Heartbeat
  • Respiratory Arrest
  • Loss of Consciousness
  • Death