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Nicotine is a fast acting toxin that is even used as a pesticide.  The feeling that people get when they smoke cigarettes is a mild form of nicotine poisoning.  For dogs, 5mg per pound can be toxic.  Each cigarette has 15-20mg of nicotine within it.  Nicotine patches have 8-144mg per patch.  An e-cigarette cartridge contains 6-24mg per cartridge.  A cigar can have 15-40mg of nicotine.  Chewing tobacco has 6-8mg per gram.  Snuff will contain between 12-17mg per gram.  Severity of toxicity will depend on both the amount ingested as well as total body weight of the animal.  Symptoms can include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abnormal Heart Rate
  • Lack of Coordination
  • Hyperactivity
  • Rapid Breathing
  • Dilated Pupils
  • Depression
  • Weakness
  • Tremors
  • Collapse