(646) 983-2670 [email protected]

This is a condition that certain breeds are genetically predisposed to where the normal intake of copper builds up within the liver over the lifetime into toxic levels that will resemble Hepatitis.  Normal levels of copper will run 200-400ppm (parts per million).  In stage one, which lasts for the first few years of a dog’s life, the levels can increase to 1500ppm.  The next stage, usually in middle age, copper levels can reach up to 2000ppm.  In neither of these stages will symptoms present.  Once the ppm reaches above 2000, then symptoms will begin and the liver will start to die.  Symptoms may initially present due to a stress, such as pregnancy.  There are times that blockage of the bile flow through the liver can also cause this.  Certain breeds are more prone to this disorder: Bedlington Terrier, Cocker Spaniel, Doberman Pinscher, Keeshond, Labrador Retriever, Skye Terrier, and West Highland Terrier.  Symptoms can include:

  • Difficulty Clotting
  • Weight Loss
  • Lack of Appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Excessive Water Intake
  • Excessive Urination
  • Depression
  • Jaundice
  • Liver Death
  • Death